Concepts of chrono-, litho-, bio-stratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy and stratotypes. Principles of stratigraphic classification, terminology and correlation. Facies analysis, origin and evolution of sedimentary basins; geohistory analysis. Sequence stratigraphy. etc

The Geologic Time Scale and its methods of measurement. Origin and chemical evolution of atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere; the history of life from bacteria to man. Concepts of paleoclimate, paleogeography, paleooceanography, paleomagnetism. Basic principles of stratigraphy; Uniformitarianism, superposition, fauna and flora succession. Sedimentation; Principles and processes. Earth’s internal processes; igneous activities and metamorphism. Practical identification of common fossils and rock types.